It's a time of sharing, Santa Claus and presents. She is a member of a permanent commission. One can imagine a situation of continual encroachment. I'd also like a review of the perimeter drone footage. ... These are what I roughly gathered in a hurry. Besides those ones, I think you must have seen lot's of "a noun of" structures already.
Oh! Ok. I see now. In all of the sentences the ‘a+ noun’ are not connected to the word ‘of’ (a+noun can be used without ‘of’ and every thing after it. Example 1. It is a time 2.she is a member 3. One can imagine a situation.
‘In the way of’ is sort of like a filler word. It shows what direction the speaker is talking in. Example. ‘The script has nothing special in the way of dialogue’
In the other examples ‘a+noun could stand alone. But ‘a/the+with’ can not stand alone.
‘The script has nothing special in the way’ If people read that they would say, “in the way of what?”
The word that can actually stand alone is ‘dialogue’
‘The script has nothing special in the dialogue’. Because we say ‘the dialogue’ we say ‘in the way of’
If you want me to get into the technicalities of the English rules then tell me and I will happily tell you. This was just the best way I could explain it while agreeing with google translate.
Yeah I know 'the' (in "the way of") is structurally connected to 'of something'.
But there's so many examples not following that rule like these sentences I put up now. 1. We had 'a transcript' of your conversations you had last night. 2. I'd also like 'a review' of the perimeter drone footage.
If following your explanation, these ones(the nouns before 'of') have to be with 'the' before themselves. like "the transcript" "the review". but that's not. these ones can switch whenever they want between 'the' and 'a' unlike 'in the way of', 'play the role of' ...
Ok I looked it up on the internet to see if I could answer your question, and I think the biggest difference is that in all the example sentences you pulled up, the ‘a+noun’ is a complement in the sentence and is unrelated to the word ‘of’. ‘Of’ is considered a different part of the sentence called a preposition.
‘In the way of’ is an idiom (words of phrases not to be taken literally) in the English language. It is not a complement and therefore works differently. I hope this helps, and I’m sorry if you still are unsatisfied with my answers.